- March 5, 2012
Much alike the fascination of constellations that are seen on a dark night, are the myths associated with each of them. Talking about the Taurus Constellation, you may find various folklore coming from different civilizations or communities and one mythological incidence depicted say in Hebrew culture may be interestingly different from another, say the Sumerian. The most famous story about the Taurus constellation is in Greek mythology which is about Phoenicia's gorgeous princess Europa. Impressed by her beauty, Zeus changed himself into a peace-loving bull and managed to make her rest on his back. He use this as an opportunity to run her away and later made her the queen of his island Crete and their union gave birth to three children. So as to symbolize their love and make it eternal, it is said that Zeus designed stars in a bull pattern.
The Taurus constellation gets circumcised by seven stars namely Gemini, Orion, Aries, Eridanus, Auriga, Aries and Perseus. At +90 and -65 degrees, latitudes form the most ideal conditions to observe Taurus constellation, especially in January and during 8 to 10 pm. Besides the seven stars referred here, in all there are fifteen big and small stars visible in this constellation and it is the two star clusters that adjoin the parts of constellation. Alderbaran is brightest amongst all other stars and is a massive heavenly body. It is bright orange in colour and the meaning of this name is follower. As a result, faithfulness and trustworthiness are the chief attributes associated with the sign Taurus. The arrangement of Alderbaran in Taurus constellation is such that you feel like it is fiercely staring the Orion. Alderbaran in the Taurus constellation is member of Hyades star cluster and is known to be a star of class K5+III spectral. Hyades have been demoted to she-camels in Arabian mythology.
Another cluster comprising of seven stars is the Pleiades, which is positioned in north-eastern part of Taurus constellation. These seven stars are known to be representing the seven girl-children of Atlas. Greek folklore in this regard states that so as to protect these seven sisters from the chase of Orion, they were securely placed in the Taurus constellation. With regard to the bull formation that you see in this constellation, the horns visible are formed by two bright stars called Beta and Zeta Tauri. Amongst these two, Beta Tauri is one of the most shining 25 stars of the universe.
Symbolization of bull with the Taurus constellation is very ancient and this star pattern belongs to a civilization as old as the Babylonians. While primeval Egyptian mythology signifies Apis, being an embodiment of Osiris the deity, the ancient Greek love story of Zeus and Europa portrays a different aspect of formation of this constellation. From the Northern hemisphere, Taurus constellation is best viewed at the start of spring season. November to February turns out to be a good time for observing it from the Southern hemisphere. Starting East, somewhere in the mid of September, appearance of this constellation is at its peak in December and lowered in March when it reaches West. Consequently, winter may be understood as the best season for observing Taurus constellation.