Sagittarius constellation is known to be one of the largest constellations of the southern hemisphere. The name comes originated from Latin, meaning an archer. But it has myths associated in other cultures like Greek, Sumerian, etc. too. The image displayed as a result of formation of this constellation is of a centaur, which is a man-horse combination, wherein the man holds a bow and aims arrow. Positioning of this constellation is such that the arrow looks aimed at Anteras which is a major star of Scorpion constellation. The mythological depiction in formation of Sagittarius constellation goes about Crotus who was the son of Pan, the god for nature, and Eupheme, nurse of the Muses. What was special about Crotus was that he was having the tail as of a satyr in Greek mythology. He not only was an expert archer himself but was also known to have invented this skill. It was Zeus who had advised Muses to give Crotus a position amongst stars, as his appreciation.
Another mythological incidence identifies the centaur in Sagittarius as son of a fairy called Philyra and Cronos. Named as Chiron, their son grew up to be the counsellor of many great Greek warriors such as Theseus, Jason, Heracles, Ajax, Achilles, Aeneas, etc. but he also became healer for some others. The Babylonian deity "Pabilsa", who was known to have the heads of a human being and panther and had wings, also has been related to Sagittarius.
Sagittarius constellation has sixteen stars in it and locates amid the Ophiuchus and Capricornus constellations. When the Milky Way is right above us in the month of August, you can go southern. So tracing the Milky Way first is the most ideal way to locate Sagittarius constellation.
Formation of this planetary pattern is also called teapot in general because of its look. Largely crowded with stars, this constellation has some well known heavenly bodies. "Kaus Australis" is the brightest star of this constellation and this star is identified as lower portion of a teapot's handle. Having a magnitude of approx. 1.80, the star is more than 140 light-years far. Just opposite to it, you can find the other side of the teapot knob in the form of another bright star of this constellation which is known as Nunki. It is even larger in magnitude and is placed 224 light-years away. Kaus Borealis, having a magnitude of 2.8 and placed at 77 light-years, is seen as the upper cover of the teapot. Alnasl, Kaus Media and Ascella are other important stars in formation of the teapot in Sagittarius constellation.
Extremely gigantic in size and having a high luminosity blue in colour, Pistol star draws special attention of observers in Sagittarius constellation. Summer turns out to be the time for viewers from Northern
Hemisphere as especially during June to August, one can see it hovering in the Southern hemisphere. As an interesting fact, there are three stars in the formation of Sagittarius bow namely Lambda, Delta and Epsilon Sagittarius stars. While the Lambda Sagittarius represents the northern portion of bow, Delta does middle and Epsilon, the southern portion of it. You can find another star called Gamma, to denote top angle of the arrow.
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